PETFIG APPROACH AND MULTIPLICATION OF 2-3 DIGITNUMBERS BY 2 DIGITS WITH REGROUPING

ivy-taotao

IVY I. TAOTAO
Teacher II
Vedasto F. Corcuera Elementary School

Abstract
The study aimed to find out the effectiveness of PETFIG Approach- Peer tutoring, Finger Math, Grid Method and Multiplication of 2-3 digit numbers by 2 digit with regrouping among 90 Gr. III students using the primary data, the pre-test and post-test questionnaire. The research findings suggested that this strategy be used in teaching MULTIPLICATION lessons. The result of this study helped in improving students’ multiplication skills and is recommended to be used.

Introduction
Mathematics is a subject that relates to our day to day experiences. Teaching it requires creativity and innovation for the children to find learning Math is cool. Preparing activities that relates to real world experiences that can boost their interest to learn is vital. Thus, multiplying in some way or another is an operation that helps individual to find ease in adding the same number all over again. That is why the knowledge in multiplication is quiet important in this fast changing world.
Multiplication is a skill that is a building block for many other skills. According to Burns (2007) only when the basics include understanding, as well as skill proficiency, students will learn what they need for their continued success. In one way or another multiplication is quiet challenging for relying to a prior knowledge is significant in the process. Learning it requires full understanding in the basic facts and their interaction with the environment could help develop their learning. As cited by Woodward (2006) student’s ability to answer a multiplication fact with no hesitation is essential to estimation and mental computations.
As in many of the Asian culture, academic achievement is highly valued according to Biggs & Watkins (1996) and Chan & Chan (2003). It was cited that Mathematics skills bring one of the important academic skills; receive much of teachers’ and parents’ attention. The primary goal of mathematics teaching is the development of an acceptable understanding of basic mathematical ideas and computation. Wallace and Gurganus (2005) said that fluency with multiplication facts includes deeper understanding of concepts and flexible, ready use of computation skills across a variety of applications. For everything that needed to be learned must be realized with expertise.
In Philippine setting, Mathematics served as a major subject in our curriculum. Looking to its primary objective to develop an acceptable understanding of basic mathematical ideas and computational skills needed in solving everyday problem. Learning Math is not something new to the learners since from their respective places they are surrounded by different Mathematical concepts. Being proficient in Math is one of President Benigno Simeon C. Aquino III’s 10 point education agenda said, Elena R. Ruiz (2012). That is why our government got partnership with the different organization to attain its goal in this area.
In Vedasto F. Corcuera Elementary School, Tibungco District, Davao City, teachers noticed that the learners find it difficult to multiply 2-3 digit numbers or even to multiply basic multiplication facts. They see it hard to learn it for they have to memorize the table of multiplication. It seems that they have bad experiences in Math and it leaves them no choice but to continue learning it because they have to pass the subject to be promoted to the next level. During periodical test, the topic is one of the listed least – learned competencies.

This study aims to improve the multiplication skills of 2-3 digit numbers by 2 digits with regrouping. Specifically, the study was conducted to find out the answers to the following questions:
1. What is the mean score of the three groups when exposed to PETFIG approach in terms of peer tutoring, finger math and grid method?
2. What is the level of performance of students in understanding multiplication skills?
3. Is there a significant difference in the performance of students in understanding multiplication skills when exposed to PETFIG approach?
4. Is there a significant difference in the three approaches, peer tutoring, finger math, grid method associated with the difference in performance of students in understanding multiplication skills?
5. What is the effect size of PETFIG approach to the performance of students in understanding multiplication skills?

Thus, there is no significant difference in the performance of students in understanding multiplication skills when exposed to PETFIG approach.

The following terms as used in this study have the following meanings:
Peer Tutoring refers to the pairing of learners to assist each other especially learners that have difficulty in multiplication.
Finger Math refers to the use of fingers in counting and multiplying basic multiplication facts.
Grid Method refers to the method used to find the product of multiplication sentence. It includes expanding numbers and placing them in boxes before multiplying.
Multiplication of 2-3 digit number refers to the topic taught to the Gr. III learners that was observed as one of the least –learned competencies among other topics.

Method
The researcher made use of the descriptive-comparative research design. The three sections with thirty learners of Gr. III level for S.Y. 2015-2016 of Vedasto F. Corcuera Elementary School, Tibungco District were the respondents of the study. This study used the probability sampling using simple random technique. Secondary data like pre-test and post test scores of the pupils were used. The statistical treatments used were the following: Mean, Standard Deviation, One-Way Anova, Tukey HSD and Effect Size. After doing it, a letter of permission was given to the principal and to advisers to whom the test was conducted. The pre-test was administered, the interventions were taught to the different group and post-test was conducted. The data gathered were encoded tabulated and analyzed using the SPSS.

Conclusions
In view of the findings the following were the conclusions drawn:
1. The mean score of the three groups when exposed to PETFIG in terms of peer tutoring, finger math is excellent and very satisfactory in grid method.
2. The level of performance of students in understanding multiplication of 2-3 digit numbers by 2 digits with regrouping resulted excellent.
3. There is a significant difference in the performance of the study in multiplication of 2-3 digit numbers by 2 digits with regrouping when exposed to PETFIG.
4. There is a significant difference in the multiple in the three approaches associated with the difference in performance of students in understanding multiplication of 2-3 digit numbers by 2 digits with regrouping.
5. The effect size of PETFIG Approach to the performance of student in multiplication of 2-3 digit numbers by 2 digits with regrouping is large.

Recommendation
Based on the findings and conclusions, the researcher recommends that:
This study must be adopted by all grade three levels in Vedasto F. Corcuera Elementary School.

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