CLASSROOM READING CORNER AND READING COMPREHENSION OF GRADE IV-JUPITER

pontino

CRISALDO MARIN PONTINO
Teacher III
Sixto Babao Elementary School

Abstract
This study was conducted to come up with profiles of classroom reading corner and reading comprehension: and determine if a significant relationship between these two variables exists. This study made use of the descriptive and correlation method, and 39 Grade Four-Jupiter pupils of Sixto Babao Elementary School (SBES), Tibungco District were the respondents. The data obtained were analyzed using SPSS 17.0 software. The finding of the study is that, classroom reading corner showed significant correlation with pupils’ reading comprehension.

Introduction
In some parts of the globe like Great Britain and the USA, schools continue to introduce and implement educational programs to bring down illiteracy rates and at the same time achieve quality education. According to Calvert (1994) as cited by Hollis (1995), American education is a system searching for solutions.
The K-12 Basic Education Program has been implemented in the Philippines. It is an educational reform for quality basic education which is a right of every Filipino and it is provided by the government for free in public schools. It is worth mentioning that the Department of Education has embarked on Education For All (EFA) and such other program as Every Child A Reader Program (E-CARP), and teacher trainings. It is the goal of basic education to provide the school age population and young adults with skills, knowledge, and values to become caring, self-reliant, productive, and patriotic citizens (Phil. Panorama, 2002).
In Davao City, the Schools Division top management collaborates with parents and the community for its basic education initiatives (Vasay, 2010). Parents can have them read from milk cartons, labels and the like (Educator: Magazine for Teachers, 2006). Children need a lifestyle that’s healthy for kids – lifestyle that’s stable, non-rushed, and relaxed (Health and Home, 2003). In 2006, the Division was launching the Division Project “PAIR” (Parents Assistance in Improving Reading) in support of the “READ-DAVAO” Program.

Problem Statements
1. What is the pre-test result on reading comprehension?
2. What is the post-test result on reading comprehension?
3. Is there a significant difference on the pre-test and post-test scores?
4. What is the effect of the classroom reading corner on the reading comprehension of Grade IV-Jupiter pupils?

Further, the following terms were operationally defined:
Classroom reading corner refers to an area inside a classroom where pupils spend time for reading.
Reading comprehension refers to the ability to understand texts and printed materials.

Method
This study made use of the descriptive and comparative methods. This method was used in describing the classroom reading corner and reading comprehension of Grade IV Pupils of SBES. Correlation method was used to determine the relationship between the pretest and post test scores in reading. Data were taken from results of the reading comprehension test administered twice to the pupil-respondents. The data collected were analyzed accordingly as needed. Standard deviation, mean scores and Eta2 were used in data analysis.

Conclusion
1. The pre-test result on reading comprehension is average.
2. The post test result on reading comprehension is high.
3. There is a significant difference on the pre-test and post test scores.
4. Classroom reading corner has small effect on the reading comprehension of Grade IV-Jupiter pupils of SBES.

Recommendation
Classroom reading corner and reading comprehension of Grade IV pupils of SBES is recommended to be adopted by the Grade IV teachers of Sixto Babao Elementary School, Tibungco District, for School Year 2015-2016.

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